The MMA Fighter Package is a very effective diagnostic tool adopted by all MMA fighting bodies as a requirement to be accepted as a fighter. It includes screening and diagnosing HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C. All three infections are transmitted though getting in touch with contaminated blood; and, can lead to serious chronic illnesses. Detecting these infections through this package can help ensure the safety of participants of this hands-on type of sports.
- HIV — Detects antibodies and antigens created by your immune system to help diagnose HIV.
- Hepatitis B Surface Antigen — Detects antigens to hepatitis B to screen for active infection.
- Hepatitis C Virus HCV Antibody — Measures the level of hepatitis C antibodies to screen for infection with hepatitis C virus.
What's it used for?
What is the MMA Fighter Package?
MMA is a kind of sport that consists of full contact. This type of combat allows both opponents to strike and grapple, on the ground and standing up. It is a combination of many martial arts and combat sports. During the fight, participants can punch, kick, joint lock, choke, and throw down. The purpose is to achieve dominance of one competitor against the other. Since this kind of mixed martial arts involves intensive fighting, this normally indicates blood shed from both opponents. To ensure the safety of both participants and their surroundings, anyone involved in an MMA fight need to be tested for three different tests. This is referred to as the MMA fighter package; and, it includes testing HIV, Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B.
HIV, also refer to as the human immunodeficiency virus, is this virus that leads to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. One can contract HIV being exposed to the blood and bodily fluids have an infected person. Then, the virus will start replicating itself. The few weeks following the exposure, the viral load (which is the amount of replicated copies of the virus) as well as the p24 antigen show high levels. About eight weeks after exposure, these levels start decreasing as a result of the body producing antibodies against HIV. While many infected people show no symptoms, others experience flu like symptoms that could last a week or two. Getting tested is the only way to have a positive diagnosis for HIV. Part of the MMA fighter test is the HIV testing that includes testing for HIV antibodies as well as HIV antigens.
Hepatitis B, an infection caused by the hepatitis B virus, leads to the inflammation and enlargement of the liver. This infection is easily transferred by getting in touch with blood and other body fluids from infected person. The infection can be acute lasting for a few weeks, or develop into chronic illnesses such as liver cirrhosis and cancer. This infection, in most cases, show no symptoms. The best way to diagnose hepatitis b by getting tested. The MMA Fighter Package includes testing hepatitis B surface antigens. This type of test can detect the protein (antigens) that is present at the surface of the virus.
Hepatitis C infection is caused by the hepatitis C virus that can lead to the inflammation and damage of the liver. It can spread by exposure to contaminated blood. So, a fighter who has been cut or is bleeding, can easily pass the infection to whoever is near him. Hepatitis C is the only type of hepatitis that has no vaccine to prevent it. It can be dormant in people’s system and develop into serious chronic conditions. The MMA fighter Package includes testing for the Hepatitis C antibodies. When the body gets exposed to hepatitis C, it starts producing antibodies to fight it off. These antibodies are made by the immune system as a response army. The hepatitis C test measures the amount of Hepatitis C antibodies that were released into the bloodstream.
Why take the MMA Fighter test?
Being involved in MMA fighting means that you and your opponent will have cuts and blood shed everywhere around the arena. These cuts and blood can put the players at risk of getting contaminated with whatever virus an infected person can have. The MMA Fighter Package can help screen and diagnose MMA players for three important viruses: HIV, Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B. This will help identify an infected player and eradicate any existing risk of spreading the infection.
According to the international sports combat federation (ISCF
) as well as any other MMA fighting association, the medical requirements to being accepted into MMA includes getting a blood test to screen for HIV, Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B. this test is required for all ages, and all types of fighters (professionals or amateurs). The HIV test helps screen and diagnose HIV antibodies and antigens. It is the most effective tool to detect an infection. The hepatitis B tests measure the surface antigen to detect an active infection rather than the presence of the virus in the system due to vaccination. Finally, the hepatitis C test measures antibodies to screen and effectively diagnose the presence of the virus in the system.
What can cause the levels to rise?
There is no evidence of any medication, herbal supplement, or external factors that can have any effect on the test results.
What your MMA Fighter test results mean?
The MMA fighter package includes getting tested for HIV, Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B. Results need to be interpreted as follows:
- For the HIV test, both antibodies and antigens are being tested. If the antigen test was negative and the HIV antibodies test was negative; then, the fighter does not have an HIV infection. However, this test needs to be repeated routinely to ensure that the fighter was not exposed to the virus after the test, especially if he is at high risk of being infected. Keep in mind that an infected person will only start producing HIV antibodies three to twelve weeks after exposure. So, if the person was tested too soon, the HIV antibody test may come up negative this is called as a false negative. If both HIV antigens and antibodies were positive; then, the person has HIV.
- For the hepatitis B test, the surface antigens are tested. If the results are negative; then, the fighter is not infected with hepatitis B. If the results were positive; then, you have an active hepatitis B infection. Infected persons would recover within six months. If that was not the case, then the infection is chronic and could lead to health compilations.
- For the hepatitis C test results, the antibodies are tested. If the results were negative, this means that the person is not infected and was never exposed to the Hepatitis C virus. If the test results came positive; then, you have the virus in your system.