- Chlamydia & Gonorrhea — This urine test for the bacteria that causes chlamydia & gonorrhea detects infection within 1 to 5 days of exposure.
- Trichomoniasis — Trichomonas vaginalis is a parasite that causes infection and can be spread in several ways, including sex, which causes trichomoniasis.
What's it used for?
What are Chlamydia, Gonorrhea and Trichomoniasis?
Chlamydia is a very common sexually transmitted disease. You become infected with it, by having unprotected sex with a person who has the bacterium chlamydia trachomatis. This infection can be spread by either vaginal, anal or oral sex. It affects both men and women, of all ages. Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the spread of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria. You can contract this bacterium through having unprotected sex with an infected partner.
Both chlamydia and gonorrhea show the same symptoms. Infected women report abnormal vaginal discharges, bleeding between periods, pain during period, when urinating and while having sex, as well as itching and burning around the area of the vagina. Men, on the other hand, may show symptoms like pain and swelling of the testicles, painful urination, and burning, itching and cloudy discharges at the tip of the penis. Despite the fact that both bacterial infections show similar signs, treatments do differ. It is essential to have an early screening and diagnosis for both infections; and, take the full course of prescribed antibiotics.
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease, caused by a single cell parasite (protozoan) that cannot be seen by the naked eye: Trichomonas vaginalis. This infection affects men and women of all ages. Its symptoms are different among men and women. For women, this parasite this is the most common causes of the inflammation of the vagina. It usually shows signs like frequent urge to urinate, itching of the inner thighs, blood spotting between periods, as well as itching, irritation, and soreness of the vagina. Some report a burning sensation as well. A frothy yellow greenish vaginal discharge that is foul smelling is another symptom of the trichomonas vaginalis. Men who are infected with the trichomonas vaginalis show symptoms like burning after urinating or ejaculating, itchy and irritated sensation of the urethra, as well as experiencing urethral discharges.
Why take the Chlamydia, Gonorrhea and Trichomoniasis test?
The chlamydia test can identify bacteria causing this infection. It is very essential to screen, and diagnose chlamydia in order to prevent its spread and possible long-term complications. The Centers for Disease Control And Prevention state that, every year, 2.8 million Americans get infected with chlamydia. It also states that women are more prone to be re-infected, if their partner is not getting tested and treated properly. This makes chlamydia a widespread sexually transmitted disease. People at risk of getting chlamydia need to be tested, regularly. These include young people (both genders) who are sexually active, gay, bisexual, and men who have sex with men.
The Gonorrhea test is essential in screening, diagnosing and evaluating the treatment plan of a gonorrhea infection. It is essential in preventing its complications, which could be very drastic, ranging from septicemia and joints infection, to a disseminated gonococcal infection that could infect our heart, brain and spinal cord. The Centers for Disease Control And Prevention states that, every year, 820,000 individuals get infected with gonorrhea. But, only half of these cases are reported to the CDC. This bacterial infection is mostly common among young adults who are sexually active. It is also common among African Americans.
The trichomoniasis test is indicated to diagnose the infection with the Trichomonas vaginalis parasite. It is recommended for anyone who is experiencing symptoms of this sexual transmitted disease. Women who have vaginal itching, burning, and a vaginal discharge that is foul smelling need to be tested. Also, men who feel pain when urinating or experience abnormal discharge from the urethra are recommended to take the test. The centers for disease control and prevention explains that 3.7 million people
get infected with trichomoniasis every year in the USA. Among them, only 30% show symptoms. Women are more likely than men to show signs.
If other sexually transmitted diseases are suspected, a three-in-one test can be essential. It is important to note that trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia usually occur together. Retaking the test, three months post treatment, is necessary to ensure the effectiveness of the treatment identify a possible reinfection caused by an untreated partner.
The CDC explains the importance of pregnant women to get tested for these three infections. Chlamydia, even if it is asymptomatic, can be transferred from an infected mom to her new born baby. It could cause eye infections and pneumonia. An untreated maternal gonorrhea infection may lead to newborn blindness, if the eye irritation does not get treated. It may also lead to a pre-term delivery. Neonatal trichomoniasis is very rare; but, can occur and lead to complications for the new born baby.
What can cause false test results?
The incubation period of the chlamydia infection is between one and five days. The Incubation period of the gonorrhea infection ranges between one and six days, with many cases showing symptoms after 15 days. Finally, the incubation period of the trichomonas parasite is between five and twenty-eight days after exposure. These incubation periods indicate that if an infected person is getting tested too early, he or she might end up with a false negative test result.
What your Chlamydia, Gonorrhea and Trichomoniasis test results mean?
All three sexually transmitted diseases need to be routinely tested, to have an early diagnosis and prevent further complications. A positive test, for any of these three infections, indicate an ongoing infection that needs to be treated properly with a prescription medication, such as antibiotics.
A positive gonorrhea test indicates an active infection with the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria. A positive chlamydia test indicates an active infection with the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. A positive Trichomoniasis test indicates an active infection with the Trichomoniasis vaginalis parasite. If your results came in positive for any of these sexually-transmitted diseases, keep in mind that both you are your partner would need to abstain from any sexual activity. Do not engage in anal, oral or vaginal sex, not until you are both fully treated and free of the infection. With the right treatment, an infection normally clears up in a couple of weeks. You are required to get re-tested, three months after to detect a possible re-infection.
A negative gonorrhea or chlamydia test result indicates the absence of an active infection caused by any of these two bacteria. A negative Trichomoniasis test indicates the absence of the parasite. It also indicates that the symptoms may be due to other underlying causes. However, if trichomoniasis is still suspected, other tests t may be needed to have a more accurate diagnosis.